Since most of what we will do here at Yarn Games is to build 3D projects with needlepoint plastic canvas and yarn, we will be working mostly with simple, flat stitches that lay diagonally, horizontally, or vertically on the canvas. Additionally, we will work with outline and border stitches and may delve into the more decorative embroidery stitches.
The Slanted Stitches! We will start will here since the tent stitch will be our most commonly used foundation stitch. The tent stitch itself is an umbrella term that refers to a small diagonal stitch. The three following petit point (small) stitches are different from each other because of the effect they produce on the back of the canvas, however each stitch is worked one-over-one and always slants to the right. The direction they are worked and which holes the yarn goes up or down in is important.
Basketweave: This stitch is worked in a diagonal direction which keeps cotton canvases from warping, but since we use plastic canvas we won’t use this one here.
Continental: This will be the most used stitch here at Yarn Games. It produces a nice backing which is important for working on 3D projects where the back might show.
Half-cross: Once in awhile, we will have a use for the half-cross stitch. This is one where we won’t need to see the back at all. This stitch uses much less yarn and depending on the size of the project will be less weighty.
Boxes: These are a series of slanted stitches that make a box shape. There are several variations each with their own pattern.
Gobelin Slanted: The gobelin is a long stitch. It can be slanted or upright. It is used as a filling stitch and is similar to the satin stitch in embroidery work.
The Straight Stitches! There are also many variations to straight and slanted stitches: alternating, checked, dotted, double, elongated, encroaching, framed, gingham, interlocking, irregular, overlapping, padded, reverse, split, stepped, tied, triple, waves. Depending on the project, we may explore these variations.
Brick: A simple short, horizontal stitch of the same lengths.
Diamonds: A pattern of long and short stitches that produces a diamond shape.
Long: Traditionally known as straight or upright gobelin, in the world of needlepoint on plastic canvas we will call it a long stitch. This can be either vertical or horizontal.
Triangles: A pattern of long and short stitches that produces a triangle shape.
The Outline Stitches! For the most part, these are used to soften lines or make greater curves.
Couching: Often used when you want a nicer curve than the squared canvas will allow, couching is done by laying a base thread on top of the canvas then tacking it down with small perpendicular stitches.
Outline: Great for curves or straight lines like borders, this stitch is very similar to stem except the working thread remains above the needle.
Stem: This is another stitch that is great for curves or straight lines, but it is opposite of outline because the working thread is always below the needle. We will use this one over the outline stitch as it gives a more defined stitch.
The Edge Stitches! Last but not least, these stitches are used to complete projects. An except would be in 14 count plastic canvas or even perforated paper where it is common to leave the edges uncovered.
Overcast: This is not really a stitch but simply a method of wrapping the yarn around the raw edge of the canvas in order to cover it.
Whipstitch: This is a method of combining two pieces of plastic canvas together.